'Good nutrition allows children to survive, grow, develop, learn, play, participate and contribute - while malnutrition Robs children future and leaves the young lives undetermined'
Malnutrition refers to deficiencies, excesses or imbalances in a person's intake of energy and/or nutrients.
The three faces of malnutrition are:
Wasting- referred to as loss of body weight with reference to height or simply called as excessively thin.
Stunting- too short for their age.
Causes of malnutrition :
One of the major causes for malnutrition in India is economic inequality. Due to the low social status of majority of the population, their diet often lacks in quality and quantity. And women who suffer from malnutrition are less likely to have healthy babies.
Underlying causes :
Malnutrition is not only about lack of food, a combination of other causes which leads to malnutrition in children, including: diet at home or family food insecurity which means unfair sharing of food within families. Unhygienic living conditions like limited access to clean water and sanitation infrastructure. Lack of knowledge about safe hygiene practices, lack of access to health services.
Let's have a look on malnutrition in India :
Child malnutrition is a chronic problem and a longstanding challenge for the public administration of India. Right from first National Family Health Survey in (1992-1993) to the current (2019-2021) it is found that India was one of the worst performing countries on child health indicators.
Studies reveals that India loses up to 4% of its GDP and 8% of its productivity due to child malnutrition.
India struggles to eradicate malnutrition :
Despite decades of investment and the policies and schemes like ANGANWADI SERVICES and POSHAN ABHIYAN etc. to tackle this malaise, India’s child malnutrition rates are one of the most alarming in the world. The Global Hunger Index which is calculated on the basis of total undernourishment of the population, child stunting, wasting and child mortality - India's places at the 94th spot among 107 countries in 2020 and 102 among 117countries.
India spotted on 94th among 107 countries in 2020
The budget allocations for the malnutrition for 2020-2021 is less than the 1% which is almost 0.57% of the total budget. And for 2021-2022 the budget is dropped to 18.5% compared to 2020-2021.
Along with the low budget allocation. shortcomings in implementation of the schemes has also becoming a problem in India. And the complete funds are also not released to implement those schemes.
What we can learn from the covid-19 situation regarding malnutrition :
As we know that the people with low immunity power are getting affected more than the people with good immune system.
Malnutrition is one of the reason for having low immunity power. And we can now understand importance of being hygienic as being unhygienic also leads to malnutrition problems. We need to give the knowledge of being hygienic for the people. And also regarding the proper diet.
How can we know about our nutrition?
Have a quick look at the below picture.
We have to understand that the children with malnutrition gets tired easily and couldn’t concentrate on one thing for more time, less likely to perform well in studies and in physical activities etc. so, the intake of nutrition’s helps in all-round development of children.
We the people at RAISEANARM foundation working on malnutrition in tackling-up this issue and trying our best to make a difference and build a strong and healthy nation. RAISEANARM foundation creates awareness regarding the importance of being hygienic, provides protein food and safe drinking water for the pregnant women's, children's and also for the patients etc. for more info about the works done by this NGO